NSAIDS

HYDROCODONE--Opiates work for pain management

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COX-2 INHIBITORS not as good as Ibuprofen
Continued Risk after taking VIOXX
HYDROCODONE--Opiates work for pain management
Acetaminophen, causes asthma, liver failure, & male infertility,
Acetaminophen causes male infertility
Liver failure Acetaminophen
Acetaminophen leading drug cause of liver damage
Acetaminophen increase ASTHMA risk 63%
Asthma risk and acetaminophen
Warfarin Number 1 Causes of Hospital Emergencies--WP
PLAVIX HAS SERIOUS SIDE EFFECTS--ASPIRIN PREFERRED

HYDROCODONE called also dihydrocodeinone

which has added Homatropine Methylbromide.  A number of commonly proscribed opiates have acetaminophen.  It is neither safe nor effective--their is a significant risk of liver damage, especially for the 25% who don't clear it quickly.    

 

For acute pain only the opiates are truly effective. But government and the DEA has gotten in the way and have created an addiction myth.   Most opiates have added an NSAID, a stimulant, acetaminophen, tranquilizer, or other medication such as Homatropine methylbromide,  Their benefits are minimal at best, and best to be avoided.  JK gets for pain management codeine.--jk

 

 

Analgesic efficacy of a hydrocodone with ibuprofen combination compared with ibuprofen alone for the treatment of acute postoperative pain   {next study below shows that the combination of ibuprofen is superior to the combination with acetaminophen, which ought never be prescribed.} 

 

The Journal of Clinical Pharmacology, 1997; 37:908-915
1997
American College of Clinical Pharmacology

 

A Sunshine, NZ Olson, E O'Neill, I Ramos, and R Doyle

Hydrocodone is a semisynthetic opioid with analgesic and antitussive properties qualitatively similar to other opioid agonists. Ibuprofen is a nonsteroidal antiinflammatory agent with analgesic and antipyretic activity and is an effective, primarily peripheral-acting antiinflammatory analgesic. The objective of this clinical trial was to determine the additive analgesic effect of the combination of 15 mg hydrocodone bitartrate with 400 mg ibuprofen, relative to 400 mg ibuprofen alone and placebo, in the treatment of postoperative pain. The single-dose analgesic efficacy of the combination of hydrocodone bitartrate with ibuprofen was compared with ibuprofen alone and placebo in 120 patients with moderate or severe postoperative pain after abdominal surgery. Analgesia was measured during the 6-hour period after dosing based on onset of relief, hourly and summary variables, and duration of effect. A significantly greater proportion of patients treated with the hydrocodone/ibuprofen combination reported onset of relief compared with ibuprofen or placebo; however, the distribution functions for time to onset of relief did not differ among treatments. Hydrocodone with ibuprofen and ibuprofen alone were significantly more effective than placebo for all measures of analgesia. The combination of hydrocodone with ibuprofen was significantly superior to ibuprofen for all hourly analgesic evaluations, weighted sum of pain intensity differences (SPID), total pain relief (TOTPAR), and global rating of study medication. No patients in the hydrocodone with ibuprofen group required analgesic remedication during the 6-hour study period, compared with 25% and 82% in the ibuprofen and placebo groups, respectively. The analgesic superiority of 15 mg hydrocodone bitartrate combined with 400 mg ibuprofen compared with 400 mg ibuprofen alone was demonstrated across many efficacy variables.

 

Clin Ther. 2000 Jul;22(7):879-92

Combination hydrocodone and ibuprofen versus combination codeine and acetaminophen for the treatment of chronic pain.

Palangio M, Damask MJ, Morris E, Doyle RT Jr, Jiang JG, Landau CJ, de Padova A.

 

 

Medical Affairs Department, Knoll Pharmaceutical Company, Mount Olive, New Jersey 07828-1234, USA. palangm@basf.com

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to compare the effectiveness of combination hydrocodone 7.5 mg and ibuprofen 200 mg with that of combination codeine 30 mg and acetaminophen 300 mg for the treatment of chronic pain. BACKGROUND: Hydrocodone 7.5 mg with ibuprofen 200 mg is the only approved fixed-dose combination analgesic containing an opioid and ibuprofen. METHODS: In this randomized, parallel-group, double-blind, repeated-dose, active-comparator, 4-week, multicenter study, 469 patients were randomly assigned to receive a 1-tablet (n = 156) or 2-tablet (n = 153) dose of combination hydrocodone 7.5 mg and ibuprofen 200 mg (HI1 and HI2, respectively) or a 2-tablet dose of combination codeine 30 mg and acetaminophen 300 mg (CA, n = 160), the active comparator, every 6 to 8 hours as needed for pain. Efficacy was measured through pain relief scores, number of daily doses of study medication, number of daily doses of supplemental analgesics, number of patients who discontinued therapy due to an unsatisfactory analgesic response, and global assessment scores. RESULTS: Of the 469 patients, 255 (54.4%) were female and 214 (45.6%) were male. The mean age was 51.1 years. Types of chronic pain included back (214; 45.6%), arthritic (145; 30.9%), other musculoskeletal (65; 13.9%), cancer (6; 1.3%), diabetic neuropathic (3; 0.6%), postherpetic neuralgic (5; 1.1%), other neurologic (21; 4.5%), and other unclassified chronic pain (10; 2.1%). During the 48 hours prior to the study, 351 (74.8%) patients had been treated with opioid or opioid-nonopioid combination analgesics. The overall mean daily pain relief score was significantly greater in the HI2 group (2.25+/-0.89) than in the HI1 group (1.98+/-0.87) (P = 0.003) or the CA group (1.85+/-0.96) (P < 0.001). The overall mean number of daily doses of study medication was significantly less in the HI2 group (2.94+/-0.99) than in the HI1 group (3.23+/-0.76) (P = 0.036) or the CA group (3.26+/-0.75) (P = 0.014). The overall mean number of daily doses of supplemental analgesics was significantly less in the HI2 group (0.24+/-0.49) than in the HI1 group (0.34+/-0.58) (P = 0.021) or CA group (0.49+/-0.85) (P = 0.010). The number of patients who discontinued treatment due to an unsatisfactory analgesic response was significantly less in the HI2 group (2; 1.3%) than in the CA group (12; 7.5%) (P = 0.008). HI2 was more effective than HI1 and CA as measured by pain relief scores for week 1 (P < 0.001 vs HI1 and CA), week 2 (P < 0.001 vs HI1 and CA), and week 3 (P = 0.008 vs HI1 and P < 0.001 vs CA); daily doses of study medication for week 1 (P = 0.019 vs HI1 and P = 0.011 vs CA); daily doses of supplemental analgesics for week 1 (P = 0.010 vs HI1 and CA); and global assessment scores for week 1 (P = 0.018 vs HI1 and P < 0.001 vs CA), week 2 (P = 0.005 vs HI1 and P < 0.001 vs CA), and week 4 (P = 0.013 vs HI1 and P = 0.023 vs CA). There were no significant differences between HI1 and CA in any efficacy variable. There were no significant differences in the number of patients experiencing adverse events in the HI2 (127; 83%), HI1 (124; 79.5%), and CA (129; 80.6%) groups. However, the mean number of patients who discontinued treatment due to adverse events was significantly greater in the HI2 group (40; 26.1%) than in the HI1 group (23; 14.7%) (P = 0.013). CONCLUSIONS: The results of this study suggest that 2-tablet doses of combination hydrocodone 7.5 mg and ibuprofen 200 mg may be more effective than either 1-tablet doses of this combination or 2-tablet doses of combination codeine 30 mg and acetaminophen 300 mg. Moreover, 1-tablet doses of combination hydrocodone 7.5 mg and ibuprofen 200 mg may be as effective as 2-tablet doses of combination codeine 30 mg and acetaminophen 300 mg.

 

 

Test shows that 5mg of hydrocodone is as effective as 30 mg of codeine, with somewhat less side effects.

 

 

1: Ann Emerg Med. 1991 Oct;20(10):1100-

Hydrocodone versus codeine in acute musculoskeletal pain.

Turturro MA, Paris PM, Yealy DM, Menegazzi JJ.

University of Pittsburgh Affiliated Residency in Emergency Medicine, Pennsylvania.

STUDY OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the efficacy and prevalence of side effects of hydrocodone versus codeine in acute pain syndromes. TYPE OF PARTICIPANTS/SETTING: Sixty-two consecutive adult emergency department patients 18 to 70 years old with acute musculoskeletal pain. Patients using other analgesics or having any contraindication to opioid therapy were excluded. In addition, 12 patients were excluded because of insufficient data or study dropout. DESIGN/INTERVENTIONS: In a randomized, double-blind prospective manner, patients received either 5 mg hydrocodone with 500 mg acetaminophen or 30 mg codeine with 500 mg acetaminophen to take on discharge from the ED and every four hours thereafter as needed for pain. MEASUREMENTS: Pain intensity was evaluated by a visual analog scale at zero, one, two, four, eight, 24, and 48 hours. Specific side effects were sought, along with the number of patients reporting inadequate analgesia. MAIN RESULTS: Data were obtained on 50 subjects (25 per group). Mean and median pain scores did not differ significantly at time zero (x vs y, 6.03 vs 5.99 and 6.8 vs 6.1, respectively) or subsequent intervals. Side effects were noted in eight hydrocodone/acetaminophen and 18 codeine/acetaminophen patients (P = .005). No significant differences in gastrointestinal side effects were reported; however, less nausea or vomiting was reported in the hydrocodone group (P = .23). Central nervous system side effects (sedation or lightheadedness) were reported in six hydrocodone/acetaminophen patients compared with 16 codeine/acetaminophen patients (P less than .005). In addition, no hydrocodone/acetaminophen patients reported inadequate analgesia compared with six codeine/acetaminophen patients (P less than .05). CONCLUSION: Although pain scores were not significantly different, hydrocodone may be a more effective analgesic than codeine in acute musculoskeletal pain, as demonstrated by significantly fewer treatment failures. Central nervous system side effects are less common with hydrocodone than with codeine.

 

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